Established May 20, 1886
HISTORY OF THE MMDO|
ESTABLISHED MAY 20, 1886
After the 1862 Dakota Uprising and 1863 Dakota Exile,
certain Mdewakanton fullbloods and mixed bloods
were allowed to remain in Minnesota.
A brief history follows below.
There is no need to detail the 1862 Dakota Uprising and Exile on this webpage; volumes of detailed histories have been written and rewritten.
Almost all of the written history present the white settler view with little, if any, input from the Mdewakanton Dakota.
White American, especially the governments of the State of Minnesota and United States, intentionally ignore and want to forget the other side of the conflict.
The Mdewakanton Dakota will never forget.
The leading role that the federal government played in this tragic chapter of United States history is embarrassing, if not criminal, then and in this day and age.
Their role is akin to the atrocities of the Third Reich before and during World War II and to what is happening in the Middle East today.
Prominent Minnesota leaders during that time, were also cruel, demeaning and unscrupulous in dealing with the Mdewakanton Dakota.
They lined their pockets with gold while destroying the lives of Mdewakanton Dakota warriors, women and children.
This is not a proud chapter in United States history. It's a history so horrifying and embarrassing that state and federal governments ensure the full history is never taught in our public schools today.
The origin of the Minnesota Mdewakanton Dakota Oyate (hereafter referred to as the MMDO) begins May 20th, 1886 after the defeat and exile of the Mdewakanton Sioux Indians in Minnesota.
However, the history of the Mdewakanton Sioux Indians in Minnesota goes back to an era before the European immigration and before the Fur Tade era.
Over time, different labels have been used to describe the Eastern (or Woodland) Dakota Oyate (People). However, we are still the same Oyate today.
Below, you will find specific excerpts from both 1863 Acts of Congress that lay the foundation for the origin of the present day MMDO.
Approved February 16, 1863.
Chap. XXXVII. - An Act for the Relief of Persons for Damages sustained by Reason of Depredations and Injuries by certain Bands of Sioux Indians.
Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That the Secretary of the Interior
is hereby authorized to set apart of the public lands, not otherwise appro-
priated, eighty acres in severalty to each individual of the before-named
bands who exerted himself in rescuing the whites from the late massacre
of said Indians. The land so set apart shall not be subject to any tax,
forfeiture, or sale, by process of law, and shall not be aliened or devised,
except by the consent of the President of the United States, but shall be
an inheritance to said Indians and their heirs forever.
[Bold emphasis added]
Approved March 3, 1863.
Chap. CXIX - An Act for the Removal of the Sisseton, Wahpaton, Medawakanton and Wahpakoota Bands of Sioux or Dakato Indians, and for the disposition of their Lands in Minnesota and Dakotas.
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the money arising from said
sale shall be invested by the Secretary of the Interior for the benefit of
said Indiana in their new homes, in the establishing them in agricultural
pursuits: Provided, That it shall be lawful for said Secretary to locate any
meritorious individual Indian of said bands, who exerted himself to save
the lives of the whites in the late massacre, upon said lands on which the
improvements are situated, assigning the same to him to the extent of
eighty acres, to be held by such tenure as is or may be provided by law:
And provided further, That no more than eighty acres shall be awarded
to any one Indian, under this or any other act.
There was never any blood quantum law or Indian blood law set forth in either of these two Acts of Congress.
Neither of these two 1863 Acts of Congress has ever been repealed.
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